REPRINTED WITH PERMISSION FROM SIDNEY ZION
Science and Secondhand
The Need for a Good Puff of Skepticism
By Sidney Zion
Vol. 13, No. 3, 2007, 20-27
For the reader's convenience, the references found on page 27 are reprinted here in clearer text and ability to activate links:
1. "Passive Smoking: How Great a Hazard?" Consumers' Research Magazine,
2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 1964. "Surgeon General
Report: Reducing the Health Consequences of Smoking." National Center for
Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Tobacco Information and
3. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 1986. "Surgeon General
Report: The Health Consequences of Involuntary Smoking." National Center
for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Tobacco Information
and Prevention Source. Preface & Forward, p. 7
4. World Health Organization. International Agency for Research on Cancer.
1986. "IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans."
5. Wynder, Ernst. 1984. "International Symposium on Medical Perspective on Passive Smoking." International Symposium on Passive Smoking from a Medical Point of View held in Vienna, transcript in Preventive Medicine, 13(6), 557-756.
6. Stewart, Linda. 2002. "The Case Against Smoking Bans: How to Read a Study." NYC C.L.A.S.H. http://www.nycclash.com/CaseAgainstBans/HowToReadStudies.html
7. Testimony of Dr. Alvan Feinstein at Hearing before the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. House of Representatives, July 21, 2003, Document Serial #103-51, 99.
8. "Respiratory Health Effects of Passive Smoking: Lung Cancer and Other
Disorders." U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and
Development, Office of Health and Environmental Assessment, Washington,
DC, EPA/600/6-90/006F, 1992.
9. Redhead, Stephen C. Rowberg, Richard E. 1995. "Environmental
Tobacco Smoke and Lung Cancer Risk." CRS Report for Congress, 95-1115 SPR,
7, 55, 53, 2, 19.
10. Stewart, Linda and Perske, Martha. 1996. "How Henry Waxman Twists the Truth." Human Events, February 9, 5.
11. United States District Judge Osteen, William L. 1998. "Flue-Cured
Tobacco Cooperative Stabilization Corporation, et al v. United States Environmental
Protection Agency, et al." United States District Court for the Middle
District of North Carolina, Winston-Salem Division, 6:93CV00370, 89-90.
12. Circuit Judges Widener and Motz and U.S. District Judge for Eastern
District of North Carolina Howard. 2002. "Flue-Cured Tobacco Cooperative
Stabilization Corporation, et al v. United States Environmental Protection
Agency, et al." United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit,
13. Boffetta, Paolo, et al. 1998. "Multicenter Case-Control Study of
Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Lung Cancer in Europe." Journal
of the National Cancer Institute, 90, 19.
14. Jenkins, Roger, et al. 1996. "Exposure to Environmental Tobacco
Smoke in Sixteen Cities in the United States As Determined by Personal
Breathing Zone Air Sampling," Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental
Epidemiology, 6,(4) 473-502.
15. Glantz, Stanton. 1999. "Industry lobbying tactics against tobacco control." Email posted on (defunct) Smokescreen.org, March 14.
16. Gravelle, Jane G., Redhead, Stephen C. 1994. Memorandum "in response
to [CRS] request for information on the possible source of an estimated
premature 50,000 deaths from passive smoking effects."
17. Frieden, Thomas R. 2002. Testimony before the NYC Council Committee
on Health on "Int. 256 - In Relation to the Prohibition of Smoking in Public
Places and Places of Employment."
Cardwell, Diane. 2002. "Bloomberg Gets Deal to Expand Smoking Curbs." NY Times, Dec. 12, 2002.
18. Henshaw, John. L. 2001. "Withdrawal of Proposal." U.S. Department
of Labor, OSHA, Notice, Indoor Air Quality - Federal Register #66:64946
19. Banzhaf, John. 2001. "ASH Nixes OSHA Suit to Prevent Harm to Movement."
Action on Smoking and Health Press Release, 12/14-6
20. Otsuka, Ryo, et al. 2001. "Acute Effects of Passive Smoking on the
Coronary Circulation in Healthy Young Adults." Journal of the American
Medical Association, 286(4), 436-441.
21. Matthews, Robert and MacDonald, Victoria. 1998. "Passive Smokers
Inhale Six Cigarettes a Year." UK News Electronic Telegraph, Issue 1178.
22. Whelan, Elizabeth M. 2002. "Mayor Bloomberg Exaggerates Secondhand
Smoke Risk." American Council on Science and Health, Health Facts and Fears.com
23. Siegel, Michael. 2006. "IN MY VIEW: Why ASH's Recent Actions Are
an Example of Fanaticism, Rather Than Science-Based Advocacy." The Rest
of the Story: Tobacco News Analysis and Commentary (Blog)
24. Brody, Jane E. 2002. "A Jubilant Barroom Toast: To Smoke-Free Air."
NY Times, Health & Fitness, August 27, 2002, F 7.
25. Brody, Jane E. 2002. "Risks and Realities: In a World of Hazards,
Worries Are Often Misplaced." NY Times, Health, August 20.
26. Enstrom, James and Kabat, Geoffrey. 2003. "Environmental tobacco
smoke and tobacco related mortality in a prospective study of Californians,
1960-98." British Medical Journal, May 17, 326(7398), 1057.
27. Enstrom, James and Kabat, Geoffrey. 2006. "Environmental Tobacco
Smoke and Coronary Heart Disease Mortality in the United States - A Meta-Analysis
and Critique." Inhalation Toxicology, 18(3), 199-210.
28. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. 2006. "The Health
Consequences of Involuntary Exposure to Tobacco Smoke: A Report of the
Surgeon General." U.S. Department of Health and Human Services